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BEFORE Bringing Home Your First Goat

Inside: Before bringing home your first goat: before your goats get settled, you can compile this list (and more) to keep your goats happy and healthy! Find more information about Raising Goats here.

So, you’re convinced that your farm needs a goat (<== Check out these six reasons you need a goat!)

Congratulations! It’s a great choice! And although there’s a learning curve with any new endeavor and adventure, you won’t regret it.

Goats | Care for Goats | Goat Care | Before bringing home your first goat. As your goats get settled, you will compile this list and more to keep your goats happy and healthy!

Let’s get started. Before bringing home your first goat, this is what you should have in place.

Take a moment to print off this FREE printable of the list below: Before Bringing your Goat Home There are over 30 resources as well!

Did you know that you can have access to over 30 resources in our resource library? Don’t miss out!

**Always investigate the health of the goat’s in the original herd.

**If you are also bringing home a buck, the fencing you have between the does and bucks should be put together well and secure enough to keep them apart.

**If you are bringing home goats to an established herd, always have a quarantine pen to keep the new goat(s) in for the first several weeks.

**Also think long-term, will you be having kids in the future? You will need a separate area to wean them, so think ahead and plan for it now as you build fences.

This is an ultra useful tool for any goat owner: 

The Busy Homesteader’s Goat Management Binder

  • Shelter
    • Your goats will need shelter from the rain, snow, wind, and elements.
    • By far these are the cheapest and easiest Pallet Goat Shelters to build for your goats. They are a perfect size and can be made very inexpensively and don’t require a lot of room.
    • Follow this Pinterest Board for more great ideas.
    • You can also read more about shelters ideas here: The Goat House
  • Bedding
    • Pine shavings or straw are good choices. I use straw because my husband is able to bale straw after he gets our hay cut and baled. You can purchase shavings at your local feed store but also think outside the box. We purchased shavings in bulk from the Amish saw mill. Ask around and figure out what works for you and is the most cost-effective.
  • Water
    • Water trough or buckets
      • Of course, water is essential. Milking goats will require fresh water available at all times. Lack of water isn’t good for any goat or animal and will affect the amount of milk produced in your milking goats.
      • If you have multiple pens, plan out how two pens can share one water trough.
  • Feeder
    • Throughout the last 7 years since bringing home our first goats, I went through a lot of ideas and ways to feed them. It seems inevitable that there will be hay waste, but I settled on this Pallet Goat Feeder that I am happiest with. From my observations, any hay or grain that hits the ground has become “contaminated” in the goat’s eyes and they most likely won’t touch it.
    • Follow this Pinterest Board for more great ideas.
  • Feed
    • Hay
      • Goats will immediately start consuming hay, so for peace of mind, have your source of hay found and acquired. There is nothing more frustrating than hunting hay when you are completely out and need it immediately.
    • Grain
      • If you are bringing home does in milk or the goats are being fed grain, find out what grain they are being fed and either locate the same feed or ask to buy some of the grain from the owner. When your goats arrive at home you can slowly incorporate the new grain into the old grain to get them accustomed to the change. Kira and Ruthie, the does in milk I brought home, were quite picky about their grain and it took them awhile to adjust to the rolled barley I give them now.
      • Grain Dish
      • Measuring Cup or Scoop to scoop out grain and measure it

**Changing a goat’s diet quickly can cause them to bloat and have very serious consequences.

Read more below!


  • Mineral, Baking Soda, and Salt Dispensers
    • Loose mineral 
      • Goats will stand on the mineral/salt blocks and soil them and quite possibly then won’t touch them.
      • Do not buy the mineral specified for goats and sheep. Sheep can not have copper and goats need copper. Find mineral with the proper ratio of about 2 parts Calcium to 1 part Phosphorus.
    • Baking soda
      • The baking soda helps to regulate their rumans, aids in digestions and helps prevent bloating.
    • Salt
      • If your mineral doesn’t have salt added, supplement with loose salt
  • Milking Supplies
    • Milking Stand
    • Stainless Steel Milking Bucket
    • Funnel and strainer (to strain milk into glass containers for consumption)
    • Milk Filters
    • Glass Jars/Containers for storage
    • Mastitis Tests
  •  Supplies
    • Wormer
      • Do your research and decide for yourself if you will use an herbal wormer or something like Ivermec.
    • Oral syringe for drenching 
      • This is a great way to administer herbal wormers and any other medication you give your goat.
    • Collars and Leashes
      • These come in handy when the critters find the weak point in the fence or your little boy forgets to latch the gate.
    • Brushes
      • Goats love the attention and the brushes help keep lice away.
    • Clippers
      • Use on goats who have longer hair that mats or if they need to be trimmed in the hot summer months.
    • Rectal Thermometer 
      • A goat’s temperature will tell you if they are sick.
    • Hoof trimming supplies 
      • Gloves Take my word on this: you won’t regret wearing gloves. Goats wiggle, and a quick jerk of their leg will put a nice hole in your finger if you aren’t careful. Wear protection on your hands.
      • Hoof Trimmers I recommend purchasing trimmers that are specifically for goats. Before purchasing these, I tried using other trimmers, and it is much easier to use the ones made specifically for trimming goat hooves
      • Hoof Pick with Brush
      • Hoof Plane
      • Hoof’n Heal Heals all types of hoof injury
      • Read more about Goat Hoof Care here

**Goat hooves need to be trimmed on a regular basis. If not, their hooves will grow under and will trap poop and dirt and can cause their hooves to grow in unnatural ways. It’s important to keep them trimmed. Not only is it healthier for the goat, it is much, much easier on you to trim regularly! Trim at least quarterly but a goat’s hooves may need to be trimmed as much as once a month, so keep an eye on those feet!

Gain access and download the helpful Before Bringing Your First Goat Home Checklist below!

This list provided above is just a start. This list will grow as the goats get settled. You will continue to learn more and will keep your goats happy and healthy!

These are more great resource for goat ownership and what you will need before bringing home your first goat(s!): Goat Starter List, How to Prepare for Goats, 10 Must Have Items for Goatskeepers

This free printable checklist isn’t the only one available to you! Sign up for access to our free resource page and you will be given a password to open up the page for ALL of our great information and checklists!  Woo-hoo!

Goats | Care for Goats | Goat Care | Before bringing home your first goat. As your goats get settled, you will compile this list and more to keep your goats happy and healthy!

Seriously, our free resource page is worth looking into. It has a great selection of tips, and checklists that have helped me on my bee journey. This page is password protected and is updated weekly! How much better can it get?? 😉 Sign up above! Happy learning! 

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Weed control


I shared this on some great blog hops. Check them out! Blog Hops


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Reader Interactions


  1. I came over from the Homesteader Hop. I love this! I adopted a goat who followed my teenager home…still not sure what that means;-) Anyway, I have just really struggled to care for him the way I want to. This is super helpful! Thanks for sharing!

    • That’s funny 🙂 Smart goat! I’m sure you have given him a good home. Just a little bit of love and attention goes a long way!

  2. Very informational post! Thanks so much for sharing with us on the Homesteader hop!

    • Goats are great! 🙂 Now you need to get one to milk with your cow lol 😉

    • I hope you do get goats 🙂 They are so much fun and their milk is so yummy!

  3. Hi, Delci! I stopped by through Our Simple Homestead Blog Hop. I just wanted to say I LOVE reading your articles and learning from you. Thank you—Also, I appreciate this article. We actually had goats for about a year. It was great fun, but we ended up not knowing enough about what we were doing on our small land, so had to let them go. I really want to try again, and your article is a good inspiration for me!

    • And YOU are so encouraging! You have no idea how it makes me smile to read your comments. Thank you 🙂